Plant Biology 1 (Ethnobotany)
2. Summarize Mendel's principles in your own words
3. Explain the differences between incomplete dominance, codominance, traits controlled by multiple alleles, and polygenic traits
4. What is artificial selection, and how is it different from natural selection? Also, describe the process of hybridization, and explain the benefits of this process
5. What is the genetic bottleneck, and how did humans create a genetic bottleneck? What are the consequences of this, and how can we avoid them?
Genetic studies of yams show Niger River basin early cradle of agriculture
Tastier tomatoes may be making a comeback thanks to genetics
What's the smartest plant?
2. Describe the differences between wind and animal-pollinated flowers and their pollen
3. Why is seed dispersal important? Also, research and summarize an example of each of the following seed dispersal methods: wind, water, animals, and ballistic. Cite your sources.
The invisible UV glow of flowers is beautiful
If you thought plant reproduction was complicated, try fungi- they can have up to 20,000 genders!
X-ray photos of seeds turn biology into art
2. Technically speaking, what is 'wood' and 'bark'? How is each one created?
3. What are the differences between primary and secondary growth? Where do they occur?
4. What is auxin? What role does it play in phototropism and gravitropism?
optional extra credit question:
5. Research mycorrhizal fungi, and describe the relationship they have with vascular plants. Cite your source.
Beautiful electron microscope photos mix botany with art
Scientists stabbed meat with cholla spines to learn about puncture strength
American pitcher plants feed on baby salamanders
North Carolina Bald Cypress trees among world's oldest
2. What are the reasons that plants shed their leaves? How does this process work?
3. Research a specific example of phytoremediation, summarize it, and cite your source.
Decoding the mathematical secrets of plants' leaf patterns
Here's a list of clickable examples of plants used in phytoremediation
And another one
2. Which category has more biological meaning- "all trees" or "all legume trees", and why?
3. What's the difference between a monocot and a dicot? What kinds of plants are examples of each type?
4. What are the differences between monoecious, dioecious, and hermaphroditic plants?
Good website that explains taxonomy
Good website on Pteridophytes
Angiosperm database (with good botanical characteristics of each family!)
2. Describe how light intensity, temperature, and CO2 concentration affect the rate of photosynthesis
3. Summarize the three types of photosynthesis. Also, what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
2. Describe how the cell is like a factory, using each organelle in your explanation. What is the final product?
3. Describe the theory of endosymbiosis, and explain what evidence exists to support this theory
2. Describe how water moves during osmosis
3. How do plant cells avoid bursting when they're exposed to fresh water? Why is it that animal cells do not come into contact with fresh water?
4. How does active transport differ from facilitated diffusion?
Facilitated diffusion animation
Active transport animation
Osmosis in the kitchen!
2. Describe each level of organization in a multicellular organism
3. List and describe two major similarities and two major differences between plant and animal cells
2. Define 'alternation of generations', and describe how the alternation of generations and plant reproduction differs between mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants
3. Describe the differences between mitosis and meiosis, as well as what each process is used for
2. Briefly describe each of the causes for the loss of Tohono O'Odham food self-sufficiency
3. How do the traditional foods of the Tohono O'Odham help to prevent or cure the symptoms of diabetes?
4. What strategies is TOCA using to help achieve its goals?
2. Describe how Andean people created all of the different variations in their tubers that can be seen today, as well as why many farmers are no longer growing them
3. Why are scientists regaining interest in saving these tubers from extinction and promoting them commercially? How will the Andean farmers and people benefit from the renewed cultivation of them?
The health benefits of Andean tubers
Medicinal properties of Anu
Health benefits of Maca
b. Describe the specific medicinal properties of one plant from the handout, as well as the historical development of its medicine
2. Describe why it's important to have genetic diversity in our food supply
3. Describe why scientists are regaining interest in returning to the use of plant-based medicines
Civil War plant remedies actually worked
Ethnobotanical uses of coca
Ethnobotanical account of curare preparation
Weird site, but good article on chiles and history
Article on chiltepines from Edible Baja Arizona
Ethnobotanical account of the preparation of manioc
Hawaiian ethnobotany database-includes sweet potatoes
Article and photos of teosinte (corn's wild ancestor)
What ancient corn can tell us about thousands of years of civilization in the Americas
Fascinating article about how trees talk to each other through fungal networks
Video describing how trees talk to each other
Article and videos showing plant responses to attack